Top Programming Languages for Mobile App Development


    If you are planning to become a mobile app developer then maybe currently you are in confusion that which programming language you need to start with as there are tons of programming languages. To help you with this problem we are coming up with top programming languages for mobile app development. This guide will make it clear which language you need to go with first.

    Programming Languages for Mobile App Development

    Programming Languages for Mobile App Development

    1- Python

    Let’s first start with one of the most popular programming languages for mobile app development, Python. It is a high-level programming language that is used in app development, web development, computing and analyzing numeric and scientific data, building desktop GUI, and other software development. The good thing is Python is very easy to learn and understand because it is considered one of the easiest languages which helps you to build any kind of mobile app and site with Python.

    Famous Sites And Apps Build With Python

    Famous Sites And Apps Build With Python:

    • Caliber
    • BitTorrent
    • Reddit
    • Instagram
    • OpenStack
    • Worlds of Tanks
    • Quora
    • Spotify
    • YouTube

    2- Java

    Java is the first choice for developers for developing mobile apps. In a survey conducted in 2016, Java ranked at the number one position with a 23.4% share. On the other side, Python was on second with a 13.7% share. The huge difference is enough to get an idea of how powerful is Java. Today Android app industry is on the boom, and every app developer wants to create an Android app. You will be surprised to know that Android OS is built in Java and if you learn Java, then it will be not difficult for you to learn Android.

    Famous Application Made with Java

    Famous Application Made with Java

    • ThinkFree cloud office
    • Blu-ray Disc Association
    • NASA word wind
    • UltraMixer

    3- PHP

    PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor which is an open-source server-side scripting language. Earlier it was developed for site development, but these days it is used for various development purposes. Apart from server-side scripting, it is commonly coding application and command-line scripting. As most of us are aware that PHP is famous for site development, but you can also create Android and iOS apps with it. Using PHP, you can write full-fledged Android, iOS, and Windows apps.

    Uses of PHP:

    • E-commerce sites
    • Code project management tools
    • Image processing
    • CMS like WordPress, Drupal
    • WordPress Plugins
    • Create GUI
    • Facebook apps
    • Mobile app development
    • Dynamic websites
    • Creating PDFs

    4- Swift

    Swift is developed by Apple Inc in late 2014 for iOS and Linux. It is considered one of the future programming languages which can reshape the future. If you are still confused about which programming languages you need to learn then we recommend you start with Swift as it is one of the faster-growing programming languages for mobile app development. You will feel more encouraged when you know that Swift Developers fetch more salaries in comparison to other app developers.

    Famous Apps Made With Swift

    Famous Apps Made With Swift

    • Lyft
    • Khan Academy
    • Clear
    • Sky Guide
    • LinkedIn
    • Airbnb
    • Eventbrite
    • Hipmunk

    5- C#

    C# is famously known as C Sharp. It is a multi-paradigm programming language developed by Microsoft. You can develop anything with this language just name it. From web services to server applications to mobile apps to games, just everything. If you are planning to develop games, then C Sharp is the best option as it is supported by Unity3D. According to experts, it gets old and unusable but apart from mobile app development it is widely used for developing apps for enterprises, utilities, productivity tools, businesses, and more.

    Applications Made With C#:

    • Stackoverflow
    • Microsoft Azure
    • Visual Studio

    6- Objective-C

    Objective-C is derived from C. Before Swift Apple used Objective-C for the development of iOS and OS X. As most think that Swift completely replace it may be wrong because most of the developers are still using it as a primary language. It will not die soon as the frameworks of the apps still depend on Objective –C.

    7- C++

    C++ is one of the famous programming languages which is pronounced as C Plus Plus. It is an object-oriented programming language that is widely used for its low-level memory manipulation feature. With C++ you are not just able to develop mobile apps but can be used for various sectors like finance, banking, games, front office, telecoms, electronics, investment banking, marketing, manufacturing, retail, and many others. C++ is considered one of the most powerful languages because it has many features, it is simple, syntax-based, case sensitive, platform dependent, object-oriented, use a pointer, huge function library, is compiler-based, modularity, fast and efficient, powerful, and portability.

    8- JavaScript

    JavaScript is one of the high-level interpreted programming languages which is object-oriented. It is not a primary language that can be used for mobile app development but is a language that controls web pages. It is possible to make a mobile app but for this, you need to mix it with HTML, Ajax, and CSS. Unlike others, you need to develop the app once which can be utilized further utilized for Android, iOS, and Windows. JavaScript is a simple language that you can quickly learn in a few days.

    9- HTML5

    As the name simply indicates HTML5 is the 5th version of Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML. Generally, HTML5 is not used for mobile app development, but for this, you need to take the help of other languages. You can easily create Android and iOS on HTML5 with the help of frameworks like PhoneGap. Services like Google Docs and Google Drive are developed with the help of HTML5.

    10- Ruby

    Ruby was developed in the early 90s by Yukihiro Matz and is still one of the widely used programming languages. You will be surprised to know that an average Ruby developer earns up to $112 per project. You can easily create mobile apps for Android, iOS, OS X, and Windows using frameworks like Rhodes and RubyMotion. The great thing about Ruby language is you can create an app in just 10 minutes.

    Big Sites Made With Ruby

    Big Sites Made With Ruby:

    • Fiverr
    • Pixlr
    • Basecamp
    • Bloomberg
    • Airbnb
    • Groupon
    • ThemeForest

    If you have a next big idea and don’t have time to learn to code, then you need to take help from any mobile app development agency which can help you to make your dream app. Now if you have any questions then feel free to drop your query in the comment box.

    11- Kotlin

    Kotlin is a relatively new programming language that JetBrains created. Kotlin and Java are completely interoperable, and they may be used to create Android apps. Kotlin is a concise and safe language that helps developers to avoid common programming mistakes. In addition, Kotlin has considerable tooling support and can be utilized with existing Java code.


    • Java Interoperability
    • Null Safety
    • Nullable Types
    • Concise Syntax
    • Automatic creation of Getter and Setter properties

     Famous Sites And Apps Build With Kotlin

    • Pinterest
    • Evernote
    • Basecamp

    12- React Native

    React Native is also one of the best programming languages used in mobile app development. It is built on React, a JavaScript user interface library. React Native enables developers to create native apps on Android and iOS platforms.

    React Native has gained popularity recently due to its simplicity and flexibility. It allows developers to create cross-platform apps with little effort. Additionally, React Native apps are faster and smoother than traditional hybrid apps.

    React Native Advantages


    • Faster development time
    • Reduced costs
    • Better user experience
    • Quickly build cross-platform applications
    • Code reusability across different platforms

     Famous Sites And Apps Built With React Native

    • Facebook.
    • Instagram
    • Uber
    • Airbnb
    • Pinterest

    13- DART

    Dart is an open-source, general-purpose programming language created by Google. It is used for developing web, server, desktop, and mobile applications. Dart is an object-oriented, class-based programming language with a pattern similar to C. Both Just-In-Time (JIT) and Ahead-of-Time (AOT) compilations are supported.

    Dart can be used to develop Android, iOS, Windows, MacOS, Linux, and web applications. It is also used in Google’s internal development environment – the Flutter mobile app SDK.

    Dart  programming language Advantage


    • Operational flexibility
    • Open-source ecosystem
    • Ease of learning
    • Good first language
    • Outstanding tooling support
    • Robust language
    • Promotes productivity

    Famous Sites And Apps Build With DART

    • Super Mario Run
    • The online dating site “OkCupid.


    Q1: What are some of the best languages used for mobile app development?

    Ans: Swift and Objective-C are the languages used to develop iOS applications—Kotlin and JAVA for Android application development. JavaScript is used for refining cross-platform applications.

    Q2: Which languages are most commonly used to create apps?

    Ans: The following languages are the most popular for mobile app development, according to Statista.

    •    SQL

    •    JavaScript

    •    JAVA

    •    HTML

    •    Python

    Q3: How do these programming languages differ and what are their unique advantages?

    Ans: Different programming languages are designed for different tasks. Each language has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. For example, Python is a high-level, general-purpose language that is great for prototyping and quickly developing applications due to its easy-to-learn syntax, while C++ is a low-level language that focuses on speed, making it great for games and other performance-intensive applications. Every language also has its own set of libraries and frameworks that allow developers to quickly develop powerful solutions without having to reinvent the wheel. Ultimately, the best choice for any task will depend on your specific needs and preferences.

    Q4: Which tools are preferable for mobile app development?

    Ans: Here are some of the top tools for mobile app development:

    • PhoneGap,
    • Ionic,
    • Xamarin
    • Appcelerator, and
    • Appy Pie


    With the growing demand for mobile app development, it is essential to understand the various programming languages available. We hope this article has helped you gain insight into some of the best and most popular choices when it comes to programming languages for mobile app development. Whether you are looking to develop something simple or complex, there is sure to be a language that can help meet your needs. So take your time and choose carefully!

    About author
    RanjitPal Singh
    Ranjitpal Singh is the CEO and founder of RichestSoft, an interactive mobile and web Development Company. He is a technology geek, constantly willing to learn about and convey his perspectives on cutting-edge technological solutions. He is here assisting entrepreneurs and existing businesses in optimizing their standard operating procedures through user-friendly and profitable mobile applications. He has excellent expertise in decision-making and problem-solving because of his professional experience of more than ten years in the IT industry.

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